Located in southeastern Europe, Montenegro is a moderate-sized country located northeast of Italy, across the Adriatic Sea. The country derived its name from the Italian word meaning "black mountain."
The Adriatic Sea forms Montenegro's southwestern border, while the remainder of its borders are land-locked by countries including Croatia and Serbia.
The waters of the Adriatic Sea form the southwestern border of the upper middle-income country of Montenegro. Montenegro's location in southeastern Europe situates its eastern border with Kosovo, its southeastern border with Albania, its western border with Croatia, its northwestern border with Bosnia and Herzegovina, and its northeastern border with Serbia. Montenegro's moderate land mass covers about 13,812 sq.km. (approximately 5,019 sq.mi.).
Montenegro is a nation with a parliamentary republic comprised of a semi-presidential system. A board of 81 parliamentary government officials, known as the Assembly of Montenegro, serve the nation's citizens in various positions for 4-year terms.
Essential and Interesting Facts about Montenegro
The southeastern European nation of Montenegro has a Mediterranean climate, with summers and falls that remain hot and dry, and winters that are relatively cold, accompanied my heavy snowfall in inland areas of the nation. Montenegro is generally sunny for 240 out of 365 days annually.
Montenegro's capital city of Podgorica typically has these climate stats:
The official currency of Montenegro is the euro (EUR), designated by this symbol: € . The country's main monetary authority is the Central Bank of Montenegro.
Montenegro began using the euro on January 1, 2002. Coinage includes 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents, as well as 1 and 2 euros. Banknotes range from 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 to 500 euros.
Religion in Montenegro
The predominant religion in Montenegro is Serbian Orthodox Christianity. Other active but lesser denominations and sects include: Roman Catholicism, Muslim, and undeclared religions, as well as atheists.
Official Language/s: Montenegrin; regional languages include Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian
Government: Parliamentary republic with semi-presidential system
Population: 653,474 (2014 figures)
Gross Domestic Product: $7.430 billion (2012 Purchasing Power Parity)
Currency: Euro/EUR (€)
Time zone: CET (UTC+1); CEST (UTC+2)